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 Posted on: 9/6/2018 1

Military dictator Ayub Khan had imposed Martial Law on Oct 8, 1958 and a deadliest military crackdown in Balouchistan was launched on Oct 11, 1958. The military troops attacked the house of Khan of Kalat Nawab Ahmed Yar Khan in which his three guards were martyred and many were brutally injured – MQM Founder & Leader

LONDON. Sep 5, 2018: Muttahidda Qaumi Movement’s (MQM) founder and leader Mr. Altaf Hussain said that the people of Balouchistan had never accepted the merger of their state, Balouchistan to Pakistan and they rightly believe that their state was occupied on gun point. That is why the people of Balouchistan are at war with Pakistan seeking their freedom from it.

This he said in second part of his special lecture on Balouchistan titled as, “The Issue of Balouchistan and its historical perspective.”

While speaking of the armed struggle by the people of Balouchistan for their freedom from Pakistan, he said that brothers of Khan of Kalat Sardar Ahmed Yar Khan, Prince Aga Abdul Karim Balouch and Muhammad Rahim had rebelled against Pakistan over its forceful occupation of Balouchistan and started armed struggle for the freedom until 1950 and that armed struggle even continued after 1950 in 1958, 1959, 1962, 1963, 1973 and 1977. The recent armed struggle was started in 2004 and still going on with full intensity.

He said that many eminent freedom fighters had emerged during the armed struggle for freedom of Balouchistan and among them were Nawab Nauroz Khan.

“Military dictator Ayub Khan had imposed Martial Law on Oct 8, 1958 and a deadliest military crackdown in Balouchistan was launched on Oct 11, 1958.” “The military troops attacked the house of Khan of Kalat Nawab Ahmed Yar Khan in which his three guards were martyred and many were brutally injured.”

He said that the military of Pakistan arrested Khan of Kalat and was imprisoned in Lahore. His family was expelled from their land and exiled in Punjab. The military of Pakistan had after ransacking his house had plundered all the assets. That military crackdown had sparked a wave of hatred and vengeance among the people of Balouchistan. Balouch leader Nawab Nauroz Khan had rebelled and climbed onto mountains and launched his struggle against the Pakistani occupation.

He said that Pakistan military’s Lieutenant General Tikka Khan had led that military crackdown in Balouchistan. Nawab Nauroz Khan fought against Pakistan for one year and the military could not end that armed struggle. Later, Pakistan’s demonic military after swearing by the divine Book, the Holy Quran assured Nawaz Khan to lay weapons and descend from the mountains for which Pakistan military would also welcome them with respect and regard and that no action would be initiated against them. After when Nawaz Khan had descended from mountains, he was arrested along with his freedom fighters, the military arrested them, tried them for treason at Hyderabad and on Jul 15, 1960, he was executed along with his nephews and sons. Those executed were Mir Wali Muhammad Zarakzai, Mir Ghulam Rasool, Mir Sabzal Khan Zehri, Mir Masti Khan, Mir Bahawal Khan, Mir Jamal Khan and Nawab’s son Mir Battay Khan. Nawab Khan was also sentenced to death but his sentence was changed into life imprisonment. Mir Jalal Khan Zarakzai, Mir Bhaband Khan, Mir Muhammad Umer and Mir Dil Murad were also sentenced for life on Dec 25, 1965, Nawab had died in prison.

Mr. Hussain said that in the history of armed struggle for freedom of Balouchistan comes Sardar Sher Muhammad Marri, who was born in Kohlu zone of Balouchistan. He was also known by his nick names such as Babu Sheru, Sheru Marri, General Sherrif and Balouch Tiger. He was known as pioneer of Ferrari Movement and provided the basis of Balouch Liberation Army. He was from Marxist side by the ideology and had close relations with Russia, He first introduced Guerilla War tactic to the Balouch freedom fighters. He continued to fight until the government of Pakistan announced amnesty in 1967. He was arrested during Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto’s regime in 1973 because he had opposed his government and was released after few years. On release, he moved abroad and lived in exile in Afghanistan. On termination of Communist government in Afghanistan, Marri had come to Pakistan for a short time and he founded Balouch National Movement or BNM. He died on May 11, 1993 of prolonged sickness.

He also spoke about another Balouch leader, Nawab Khair Bux Marri who was born on Feb 28, 1928 and was Sardar of Marri tribe. He also struggled for rights of the people of Balouchistan.
He said that Bhutto had in 1973 imposed Martial Law and ordered to resume military crackdown in Balouchistan and that time he gave the command to General Tikka Khan who not only executed the people of Balouchistan but also butchered the innocent Bengalis in Dacca in 1971 and had uttered that he does not want Bengalis but the land of Bengal. Nawab Khair Bux Marri had formed Balouchistan People’s Liberation Front in retaliation to Bhutto’s authoritarian rule in Pakistan. Conversely, the flames of guerilla war had spread everywhere and had engulfed everything. However, Nawab Khair Bux Marri was arrested and after he was released, he spent his life in exile and died on Jun 10, 2014 at Karachi.

Sardar Attaullah Mengal was another eminent Balouch leader who added his share to the struggle for freedom of Balouchistan. He was also arrested and tried for treason and one of his sons was executed under custody and his body was never handed to the aggrieved family. Mir Ghaus Bux Bazinjo was among the leaders of freedom and he was also arrested and tried for treason.

Mr. Hussain had in detail spoken about Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, who was the most popular, stout and principaled Balouch leader. He always pleaded with softness and advocated for a way forward through democracy. He had been the chief of Jamhoori Watan Party and participated in elections. He served Baloucghistan as Chief Minister as well as Governor. His daughter Dr Shazia Khalid was raped by an officer of Pakstan army, Captain Hammad on which Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti took a stern stances and severly protested. On his ever mounting demand for justice for her daughter, the cunning military of Pakistan targeted him and blew him off with a missile. He had met many delegations from the federal government and key men from the military establishment but the matter had stuck and justice was denied. On Jan 11, 2006, Pakistan’s military had executed 12 innocent Balouchs in Loop in Dera Bugti zone of Balouchistan and the military also took the bodies with it. Later, Nawab Akbar Bugti was compelled to climb on the mountain meaning he had then choosen the way of armed struggle and stared a war for the freedom of people of Balouchistan. In reaction, Pakistan’s ghoulish army bombarded his hideout in hills of Chilgri in Bhanbhor zone of Balouchistan in which 73 year old Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was brutally executed. His assassination had reminded the custodial assassination of Nawab Nauroz Khan, his sons and companions. The military establishment practically pinned the people of Balouchistan to wall despite that they had been in main stream democratic process. Henceforth, the people of Balouchistan have today lifted arms and are giving tough time ot the demonic military of Pakistan. Twelfth anniversary of Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was commemorated on Aug 26, 2018. MQM at its international secretariat in London also paid rich tribute to martyr Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti and offered prayers for his soul in eternal peace in heaven.


6/19/2024 3:55:15 AM