MQM MANIFESTO 2008
MQM is the only political party of Pakistan which represents and
comprises of working, middle class and poor masses of the country who
are presently down trodden, disadvantaged and exploited by the two
percent ruling elite.
MQM has revolutionised politics in Pakistan its elected representatives
and office bearers are chosen by ordinary party workers and people on
merit not by virtue of being born in a feudal family or political
The prevalent feudal system of Pakistan is the main obstacle in the
progress of the country and the prosperity of her people. Due to this
obsolete system a genuine democracy could not establish in the country
and the people of Pakistan could not get their due rights, social
justice, equal opportunities, rule of law and real participation in the
affairs of the state.
MQM is struggling to abolish this obsolete system in order to establish
a truly democratic, progressive and egalitarian society in the country
where all citizens have equal rights irrespective of their colour,
creed, language, ethnicity, gender, belief and religion.
MQM believes in Realism and Practicalism as enunciated by Mr. Altaf
Hussain, the founding leader of the party. MQM is against all types of
terrorism, religious extremism and struggling for religious harmony.
The cherished goals of MQM are eradication of political
authoritarianism, abolition of feudal system, promotion of cultural
pluralism, devolution of power to the grass root level and to achieve
maximum provincial autonomy. MQM believes in induction of the common man
in the power structure to provide maximum opportunity to economically
and socially deprived people-“empowerment for all” for a better and
safer life for today and tomorrow.
MQM hopes that the people of Pakistan will support the MQM to achieve
these cherished goals.
1- PROVINCIAL AUTONOMY:
Provincial autonomy is sine qua non for a federation. The founding
fathers during their struggle for independence all along advocated
autonomy to the constituent units. The Lahore resolution of 1940 also
advocated autonomy for the constituent units. Unfortunately, the
promises of the founding fathers and aspirations of the people of
Pakistan were never respected which led to the dismemberment of the
country in 1971.
At present, this unresolved issue of Provincial autonomy is the biggest
cause of disharmony and distrust between the federating units of
Pakistan. MQM wants a national dialogue and consensus among the
federating units to settle this contentious issue in a way that fulfil
the aspirations of the people of Pakistan specially the people of
MQM stands committed to plead, advocate and espouse the cause of
provincial autonomy through such constitutional measures whereby:
The federation should retain the subjects of Defence, Foreign
affairs and currency and all other subjects should fall in the
domain of the federating units.
The creation of an Inter Provincial Council for promoting harmony
between federation and the provinces and amongst provinces.
Education enriches lives and is an economic necessity for any developing
country. We need to modernise our education system and spread education
through out the country on war footings by taking following steps:
Abolishment of the present dual system of education in the country
where the educational institutions for poor people have different
standards as compared to the English medium and Grammar schools.
This can be done by raising the standard of Urdu Medium and
Government educational institutions to bring it at par with the
Grammar and English medium educational institutions.
The Madarsas need to be provided all out incentives to bring their
syllabus and standard of teaching in conformity with the main stream
Increase expenditure in education from 2.2 % to 5 % of GDP during
the next five years.
Minimum 20% of the Provincial and District Governments revenue
expenditure be allocated for education.
Make education compulsory for each and every child and would be
available free up to Matriculation or its equivalent level.
Salary structure for the teachers must be revised upward, above 3%
inflation each year.
New Schools, Colleges, Universities, Professional and Vocational
Institutions in cities, towns and villages through out the country
would be established.
Secondary School for any village where the population exceeds five
thousand people would be established.
Adopt a school policy be encouraged.
Promote “earn and educate” concept in public sector school also.
Training and Refresher courses of primary and secondary School
teachers would be launched extensively through out the country.
Female teachers would be given preference for primary education
The examination system would be made more transparent and in
accordance with the requirements and standards of modern age.
The syllabus would be amended according to our national requirements
and the needs of modern age.
Educational Institutions would have Management Boards / Committees
and their performance monitored regularly.
The University education should be strictly on merit with more
scholarships for talented and deserving students.
Grants for Professional Institutions would be increased to reduce
The private educational institutions would be regulated.
Extracurricular activities would be reintroduced/ strengthen through
elected students unions.
A net work of public libraries would be established all over the
“Health for all” remains a slogan that needs to be reduced into projects
and programs by following measures:
Public Expenditure on health would be increased from 0.6 % to 4% of
GDP during next five years.
Hospitals would be established in every district and health care
centres in every village of the country.
Adequate staff, equipments and medicines would be provided to
primary and secondary health centres through out the country.
Institutions for training nurses, lady health-visitors, mid-wives
and other Para-medical staff in every district would be established.
A Liver Institute, Trauma Centre and Telemedicine service would be
setup in every District.
Emergency Funds would be reserved for unforeseen circumstances such
as Flu (influenza) or Virus outbreaks.
2400 non-functional Basic Health Units, Rural Health Centres and
Mother and Child care centres would be functionalized.
The Government would negotiate with multi-nationals to bring down
the medicine prices.
Import Tax on medicines would be abolished and there would be no
Custom Duties for medical equipments.
Mother and Child-Care Centres with breast screening facility would
be setup in each district.
Purchase and sale of organs for transplantation would be stopped and
substituted by establishing Cadaver Banks.
Health Insurance Schemes would be introduce by the Government for
all citizens giving priority to senior citizens.
Accreditation and Regulation of commercial health facilities would
be regulated by the province.
4- AGRARIAN REFORMS:
Agriculture is the single largest sector and dominating driving force
for growth. Following measures would be taken to improve the agriculture
Abolishment of prevailing feudal system from the country.
Effective land reforms by fixing a reasonable ceiling.
Increase share of cultivators (Harris / Muzareh) from 50 % to 60 %.
District level micro finance credit on Grameen Bank patron; Tractor
and small agriculture machinery on subsidised prices; Cooperative
farming and more importance would be attached to direct marketing to
eliminate the role of middle-men.
Allocation of State land to landless cultivators followed by the
cooperative farming, cooperative marketing and easy credit for the
Revision of agriculture tenancy laws to stop ejection of tenants at
Peasants (Harris/Muzarehs) would be declared as labour and
legislation on the patron of Labour Laws would be legislated for
Promotion and incentives for agro-based industries in rural areas.
Greater incentives to land holders for live stock breeding and
Intensive development of inland and marine fisheries at a controlled
Lining of water channels and remodelling of the system. Innovative
devices to conserve irrigation water.
New Dams in the country with the consensus of all federating units.
Computerization of land revenue record.
Protection and promotion of forestry.
5- POVERTY ALLEVIATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT:
Nearly a third of our population lives below poverty line i.e. they earn
less than hundred Rupees a day. One of the main causes of poverty and
chronic poverty is the non development of human resource. In rural areas
it is the slow growth of agriculture caused by poor / inadequate
delivery of input, whereas in urban areas, it is the wage discrepancies
between the slow growing formal sectors, verses the relatively fast
growing informal sectors. Poverty can not be alleviated by a magic wand
but needs a multi pronged strategy. Some of the measures needed are:
A comprehensive policy outlining specific aims to curb poverty. But
what is needed is more even playing fields for educational
attainment, health status and employment opportunities. Similarly,
chronic poverty needs to be mapped for its alleviation. The
Government should focus more on the distribution of assets, economic
opportunities and political voice rather than directly on inequality
The gap between wage rise and inflation must be narrowed. In
particular, public sector wage rises must be directly proportional
Control of food inflation by stabilizing and / or subsidising the
prices of Wheat, Rice, Sugar and Oil.
Greater public investment in agriculture including agro-industry,
agribusiness and live stock-greater incentives for cooperative
farming and cooperative marketing in rural areas and housing and
construction in urban areas.
The burden of the taxes would be minimised on low income and poor
people specially the taxes on utility bills would be decreased for
Social Security Schemes would be introduced and enforced to cover
all adult population.
Encouragement of industrialisation, promotion of Cottage industries,
establishment of vocational institutions and incentives for
agro-based industries in rural areas to control unemployment.
The national plan of action for “Education for All”, that includes
universal primary education, increase in adult literacy rate,
provision of quality teachers training institutes and participation
by the community, is proposed to be implemented in letter and
More incentives would be provided for labour intensive industries.
Other State interventions, i.e. distribution of land to landless
Haris/Muzarehs, improved system of Zakat and social insurance
besides indigenous philanthropy will go a long way to achieve the
6- URBAN DEVELOPMENT:
Pakistan is considered as one of the most urbanising country of the
world. As a result, the urban cities and towns are crunching under
unplanned and strained infra-structure; acute shortage of basic
amenities, proliferation of slums and excessive pollution. On the other
hand, the City District and District Governments are handicapped in
providing civic services due to a multiplicity of local administrative
To correct these situations, MQM would take the following steps:
MQM believes in unity of “Command”. A single administrative agency
controlled under the City / District Nazim as far as municipal
services and its revenue collection is concerned, for effective
dealing and coordinative efforts to solve the problems of the
citizens, like water, sewerage, solid waste, power supply etc.
Master planning, land usage and allocation, disaster managements,
health, education etc.
Traffic administration in all metropolitan cities be delinked from
Police and be placed under the control and management of City
Introduction of large environment friendly buses in all districts
and rapid mass transit in private sector dovetail with the overall
City District Transport System with a Regulatory Board under the
Adequate security to life and property of all and sundry and
elimination of criminal dens etc. through community policing having
an elected Police Commissioner would be ensured.
“Prevention is better then cure”. Studies have shown that 65% of
diseases are water borne diseases. Thus, MQM strongly recommends
that every possible step must be taken to supply safe drinking water
to each and every soul in cities, towns and villages..
Due to the Universal trend of migration from rural to urban centres,
the cities are being overburdened by the influx. MQM believes that
infrastructure development and industrialisation must take place in
all parts of Pakistan.
MQM wants each and every drop of sewage water must be treated before
it goes into the sea/river because it pollutes and contaminates
Low cost housing schemes would be encouraged in urban areas.
7- INDUSTRIES AND LABOUR SECTOR:
MQM would advocate equal concentration on manufacturing not only on
consumer goods but also on light and heavy industries to produce
durable goods. It is imperative that stake holders from private
sector are fully facilitated for the establishment of industrial
estates. A public-private partnership mode will be deployed to
encourage investment and realise hidden opportunities.
To reduce inconvenience to the investors and for rapid
industrialization and one window operation would be ensured.
Reasonable wage structure, provision of health care insurance, old
age benefits, disability pension and a housing unit after retirement
to the low income employees both in public and private sector.
Joint Monitoring Boards of entrepreneurs and labour would be
established within industrial units to ensure respectable wage
structure to the workers and uninterrupted production.
Trade Unions of employees would be consulted before the public
assets are privatized in order to hedge against subsequent fall outs
and to safe guard the interests of employees. Consequent job losses
need to be provided in such an eventuality.
Special incentives would be provided for Small and Cottage
Industries, especially regarding the allotments of land and easy
The recurring power load shedding to industrial unit would be
MQM would continue to encourage private sector in developing
information technology in such a way that it becomes the fastest
growing earner of foreign exchange.
Oversees Pakistanis who remit precious foreign exchange and promote
foreign investment in Pakistan would be given preferential and
respectable treatment and would be provided economic opportunities
AND FISCAL MEASURES:
Increasing the ratio of direct taxes to indirect taxes.
Reduction of non-developmental expenditures by government.
All the loans of the big fishes written off would be clawed back and
spent for the betterment of the people.
Federating units would be engaged in the privatization process by
the Federal Government and given a reasonable share from the
National Finance Commission (NFC) would be made independent but
before that General Sales Tax and Excise Tax be assigned to the
9 – GOOD GOVERNANCE:
Since the inception of Pakistan, the system of government has been
highly bureaucratic and common citizens can not assert their basic
democratic rights. There is unquestionably a national crisis of
confidence to which MQM will respond in a measured and sensible way.
MQM, therefore, proposes not only to arrest this anarchical state of
affairs but also help establish the rule of law, with malice towards
none, through the following measures:
Strict adherence to the principle of merit.
Transparency and merit would be ensured in all Governmental actions
including contracts, awarding of work and recruitment etc.
Federal or Provincial Cabinet, instead of Prime Minister or Chief
Minister, needs to take all policy decision strictly in accordance
Secret Funds placed at the disposal of the Prime Minister or Chief
Minister would be subjected to independent audit and public
Drastic measures are needed to ensure security of life and property
to all citizens irrespective of their cast, creed, colour, religion,
gender, political belonging or belief so that no innocent person is
victimised and every aggrieved gets justice.
Federal and Provincial Ombudsman and Accountant General Offices,
Anti-Corruption Departments, Public Accounts Committees, Prime
Minister’s and Chief Minister’s monitoring Committees would be
headed by senior and dedicated government officers and public
representatives to make these institutions more efficient and
Police would be brought under the City and District Governments.
Federally Administered Areas (FATA) would be merged into the
mainstream administration whereby the law of the land would be
applied in consultation with and consent of the people of these
All citizens would be allowed to participate in free and fair
Elections. MQM firmly believes in democratic rights for all
citizens. A neutral, impartial and independent Election Commission
would be constituted to conduct a free, fair and transparent
Elections, whether General or of Local Bodies.
CHILDREN AND RELIGIOUS MINORITIES:
Social ailments like gender discrimination, sexual harassment,
domestic violence, child abuse, rape in vengeance and forcing the
opponent’s womenfolk to march on public streets naked, honour
killings, child marriage, Karo Kari, Vinee, Marriage to the Holy
Quran, Bonded Labour and Child Labour will have to be dealt with by
public awareness campaign in collaboration with community
participation and stringent legislative measures.
All the discriminatory laws against women and religious minorities
would be repealed.
Rampant gender discrimination both in urban and rural areas, the
discouragement of female education and their full participation in
society as equal citizen would be addressed through persistent
teaching, public awareness and appropriate administrative and
Religion should not obstruct the exercise of the inherent right of a
citizen of Pakistan to participate in any matter; socio economic and
The religious minorities would be treated as equal citizens of
Pakistan and be given state protection for their lives, property and
freedom to practice their religion freely.
To provide representation to minorities at least 5 % reserve seats
be year marked for them in Legislative Bodies.
A rigorous campaign and public awareness would be launched in
collaboration with the people and religious scholars to exterminate
religious extremism, hatred, fanaticism and terrorism from the
• MQM believes in fundamental rights for all citizens and the State must
take responsible steps in providing protection and security to all its
citizens. Torture, police excesses, confinement without trial and
sociopolitical harassment must cease in a democratic country of
12-MEDIA AND FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION:
MQM firmly believes in the freedom of expression. With the
proliferation and freedom of both print and electronic media, public
awareness has been increased manifold. MQM aspires for a robust,
creative and developing media industry, combining commercial success
and public service. The media emancipation would be non partisan,
impartial and responsible. MQM would fully support the media’s
freedom of expression. Under no circumstances, media’s independence
would be curbed and public be deprived of their valuable service.
The media regulatory authorities should be completely independent,
mandated with sensible rules and fair regulation that cannot be used
as a political tool.
13 – JUDICIARY:
The judiciary must be independent, impartial and autonomous to
impart justice to the people and establish rule of law in the
Parallel judiciary systems would be abolished to uphold the sanctity
of the judiciary and for an effective judicial system.
The non-trial or inordinate delays of cases, congestion in prisons
and the litigant’s grievances for delayed judgment would be
addressed through appropriate steps by the government and the
Extensive and effective jail reforms would be introduced to reform
the prisoners into responsible citizens and eliminate human rights
abuses in jails.
Improvement of environment by making efficient use of natural
resources and energy, respecting the natural world and wild life,
utilising the open space, eco-friendly designs and construction
methods, recycling waste, plantation on a large scale and creating
parks in each locality.
Extensive forestation in a most aggressive way.
Industrial effluent and untreated sewage must not be dumped in to
Sea and coast lines would be protected.
15 – CULTURE AND SPORTS:
Culture knows no boundaries. It should be left to the discretion of
the people without any undue hindrance from the State.
The arts and sports culture is central to preserving a sense of
community in the society. MQM is a proponent of institutionalization
of arts and sports in the over all youth development programme. MQM
would encourage youths towards arts and sports through the
development of sports facilities, parks and backing private
initiatives such as arts academies.
16 – FAMILY WELFARE:
The population of Pakistan has increased from 33.82 million in 1951
to 151 million in 2004. By the year 2010, at the existing trend, it
would reach about 170 million. The current growth rate is around 1.9
% per anum-the highest in the region and needs to be brought down to
1.6 % by the end of year 2010.
17 – FOREIGN AFFAIRS:
MQM wants an independent foreign policy of the country and wants to
promote close, friendly and honourable relations with all the
countries especially with the neighbouring countries.
MQM believes in the policy of peaceful coexistence-live and let
live. MQM believes that all the disputes and conflicts be resolved
through dialogue and peaceful means.
MQM wants to solve the Kashmir issue through meaningful, sincere and
honourable dialogue according to the wishes of Kashmiri people.
MQM encourages confidence building measures and dialogue process
with India and desires peace and close cooperation between the
countries of South Asia especially in economic fields so as to
provide peace, progress and prosperity to one fifth population of
the world living in this region.